The Thabo Mbeki Foundation (TMF) Welcomes the US-DPRK Singapore Statement.

14 June 2018

On April 28, 2018 our Foundation issued a Statement in which we welcomed the outcome of the April 27, 2018 meeting between the leaders of the Democratic People’s Republic of Korea (DPRK), Kim Jong Un, and Moon Jae-in, President of the Republic of Korea (ROK), which resulted in the adoption of the Panmunjom Declaration.

In that Statement we said:

“In this context (of what was stated in the Panmunjom Declaration) we welcome the aspirations of the Korean people for peace, prosperity and unity, thus to end the negative consequences imposed on them by the very costly 1950 – 1953 Korean War…

“The 27 April, 2018 Panmunjom Declaration opens the way precisely to the conclusion, 65 years after the end of the Korean War, of this “final peaceful settlement” (visualised in the 1953 Korean Armistice Agreement!)

“We therefore call on all those concerned to do everything necessary to achieve this outcome.”

We made this call especially to encourage the Government of the United States of America to respond positively to the historic initiative which had been taken by the leaders of the Korean people, which had resulted in the adoption of the Panmunjom Declaration.

We were therefore very pleased when US President Donald Trump and the DPRK Chairman, Kim Jong Un, decided to meet, precisely to address the challenge of negotiation the “final peaceful settlement” foreseen in the 1953 Korean Armistice Agreement.

Accordingly we were very happy when these two leaders, meeting in Singapore on 12 June, 2018, adopted and signed the Statement we reproduce below.

In this context we reiterate our congratulations to the leaders of the Korean people for the initiative they took which resulted in the adoption of the Panmunjom Declaration.

We are very pleased that US President Trump understood that the adoption of this historic Declaration created the possibility for the US to re-examine its decades-long posture on the matter of the future of the Korean Peninsula.

The division of Korea into “the North” and “the South”, as confirmed by the 1953 Armistice Agreement, was not a voluntary creation of the Korean people.

It was a result of the Cold War which set in even before the Second World War finally came to an end.

In the Korean case, Kim Il Sung and others had led a nationwide Korean guerrilla struggle to defeat and evict the brutal occupying Japanese colonial power.

At the close of the Second World War the Japanese in the northern part of Korea surrendered to the Soviet forces which had intervened to defeat the Japanese. The Soviet forces supported and worked with the anti-Japanese liberation movement led by Kim Il Sung.

By then US forces had occupied the southern part of Korea. The Japanese forces in this area surrendered to the US forces.

Ultimately the US insisted that a Republic of (South) Korea should be established, separate from the North, under a Government led by Syngman Rhee.

Synngmand Rhee and others in the Government he established under the protection of the US armed forces, had been collaborators with exactly the occupying Japanese administration against which Kim Il Sung and other Koreans had taken up arms!

This Government could not have continued to exist without the immediate support of the US armed forces. That US support was given to people whom the Koreans denounced as traitors on the basis that the US had a strategic task to defeat Communism!

Put simply, the US defined the then Korean national liberation movement, led by Kim Il Sung among others, as being nothing more than an expression of a Soviet-led global Communist offensive it had to defeat.

It decided that a separate Republic of Korea had to be established to achieve this objective. Naturally it had to be led by people who were anti-communist.

In the Korean case this happened to be the very same people who had betrayed the Korean national liberation struggle and collaborated with the Japanese colonial power!

Our readers will understand that the US made a similar reading with regard to the struggle of the Vietnamese people against French colonialism.

The subsequent US military interventions in Vietnam resulted in the very humiliating defeat the US finally suffered, leading to the peace and unification of Vietnam.

The April 2018, the Panmunjom Declaration signed by the leaders of North and South Korea spoke out firmly about the desire of the Korean people for peace and cooperation among themselves, and an end to a division which had been imposed on them as one of the outcomes of the Second World War, and a relic of the Cold War.

To put this matter frankly, the division of the Korean Peninsula into two State entities, and the sustenance of an Armistice, to avoid a final Peace Agreement to end the antagonism between North and South Korea, have both been products or results of US foreign policy!

At the heart of that policy, since at least 1945, has been the determination of the US to serve as the principal world bulwark against Communism and its spread throughout the world.

Accordingly, since the days of Syngman Rhee, South Korea has served as a vassal State of the US.

Various South Korean patriots have fought to change this condition.

These patriots have sought to make the very simple statement that:

  • the Korean people are one, belonging to the same families, sharing one culture, language and heritage;
  • the Korean people have never defined themselves as belonging to two separate countries; and,
  • the Korean people would like to be left alone to determine their destiny.

The April 2018 Panmunjom Declaration constitutes a very brave and principled statement by political leaders of the Korean people that they must be allowed the space to determine their destiny.

That Declaration makes bold to state the desire of the people of Korea – across the 38th Parallel imposed on them because of the vagaries of the Korean and the Cold War – for peace, prosperity, and security throughout the Korean Peninsula.

This makes the historic and correct statement that everything that originates from the Second World War relating to the Korean Peninsula is a result of policies pursued by the US Government in pursuit of its own strategic objectives, regardless of the interests of the Korean people.

The current division of Korea into two States, the failure to conclude a final peace agreement since 1953, the efforts of the PDRK to develop nuclear weapons, the fact of the positioning of the Korean Peninsula as a region that represents a major threat to international peace and security – all these developments derive directly from US policy since 1945, not any decision taken by the Korean people!

The decision taken by the US Government under President Trump, directly to engage the DPRK Government, communicates the very hopeful message that the US is now, at last, ready to make a contribution towards the resolution of the crisis it created even as the Japanese forces surrendered at the end of the Second World War.

In essence the global Korean Peninsula crisis of the last six decades is a US construct, created by deliberate US interventions!

It has absolutely nothing to do with the fundamental interests of the people of the Korean Peninsula!

It is for this reason that we are very happy to welcome both the meeting between President Donald Trump and Chairman Kim Jong Un and the Statement they signed.

We fully support the steps the Governments of the US and the DPRK will take to give effect to the decisions taken in Singapore.

Our Foundation firmly supports the struggle to ensure global peace and security, and therefore all initiatives to engage in negotiations to achieve such global peace and security!

In this context we would like to see further and speedy interactions among all those concerned for the implementation of the objectives stated in the Singapore Statement and the Panmunjom Declaration!

Positive outcomes in this regard would communicate an invaluable message of hope not only to the Korean people but also to all humanity, especially in the context of the goal to ensure international peace and security and the right of nations to determine their destiny!

All this is happening at a time when it has become increasingly difficult to believe that some major powers truly respect such international law as is represented in the UN Charter!

It is therefore very important that we must position our celebration relating to the signing of the Singapore Joint Statement and other positive developments in this regard within the context of respect for and the implementation of the UN Charter.

We attach below the Joint Statement signed by President Donald Trump and Chairman Kim Jong Un in Singapore.

_______________________________________________________________________________

Joint Statement of President Donald J. Trump of the United States of America and Chairman Kim Jong Un of the Democratic People’s Republic of Korea at the Singapore Summit.

President Donald J. Trump of the United States of America and Chairman Kim Jong Un of the State Affairs Commission of the Democratic People’s Republic of Korea (DPRK) held a first, historic summit in Singapore on June 12, 2018.

President Trump and Chairman Kim Jong Un conducted a comprehensive, in-depth, and sincere exchange of opinions on the issues related to the establishment of new U.S.-DPRK relations and the building of a lasting and robust peace regime on the Korean Peninsula.

President Trump committed to provide security guarantees to the DPRK, and Chairman Kim Jong Un reaffirmed his firm and unwavering commitment to complete denuclearization of the Korean Peninsula.

Convinced that the establishment of new U.S.-DPRK relations will contribute to the peace and prosperity of the Korean Peninsula and of the world, and recognizing that mutual confidence building can promote the denuclearization of the Korean Peninsula, President Trump and Chairman Kim Jong Un state the following:

  1. The United States and the DPRK commit to establish new U.S.-DPRK relations in accordance with the desire of the peoples of the two countries for peace and prosperity.
  2. The United States and the DPRK will join their efforts to build a lasting and stable peace regime on the Korean Peninsula.
  3. Reaffirming the April 27, 2018 Panmunjom Declaration, the DPRK commits to work towards complete denuclearization of the Korean Peninsula.
  4. The United States and the DPRK commit to recovering POW/MIA remains, including the immediate repatriation of those already identified.

Having acknowledged that the U.S.-DPRK summit — the first in history — was an epochal event of great significance and overcoming decades of tensions and hostilities between the two countries and for the opening of a new future, President Trump and Chairman Kim Jong Un commit to implement the stipulations in this joint statement fully and expeditiously.

The United States and the DPRK commit to hold follow-on negotiations led by the U.S. Secretary of State, Mike Pompeo, and a relevant high-level DPRK official, at the earliest possible date, to implement the outcomes of the U.S.-DPRK summit.

President Donald J. Trump of the United States of America and Chairman Kim Jong Un of the State Affairs Commission of the Democratic People’s Republic of Korea have committed to cooperate for the development of new U.S.-DPRK relations and for the promotion of peace, prosperity, and security of the Korean Peninsula and of the world.

June 12, 2018

Sentosa Island

Singapore

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